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Ginkgo Biloba Extract in Skincare: Anti-aging, Brightening, UV Protection, and More

Last updated: Aug 2023
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Benefits of Ginkgo Biloba Extract for Skincare

Ginkgo Biloba, an ancient plant native to China, has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for its numerous health benefits. In recent years, its extracts have gained popularity in the skincare industry due to their potential to enhance the skin's appearance and overall health. Let's explore the specific benefits it offers in more detail.

1. Anti-aging properties

Ginkgo Biloba extract is rich in antioxidants, which help combat the harmful effects of free radicals on the skin. Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage collagen and elastin, leading to the formation of fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin. By neutralizing these free radicals, Ginkgo Biloba can promote a more youthful and radiant complexion.

2. Improvement of skin tone and texture

Regular use of Ginkgo Biloba extract in skincare products can help improve uneven skin tone and texture. The extract contains compounds that stimulate blood circulation, allowing vital nutrients and oxygen to reach skin cells more efficiently. This increased circulation promotes a healthier complexion, with a smoother and more even texture.

3. Protection against environmental damage

Exposure to environmental pollutants, such as UV rays and toxins, can accelerate skin aging and damage skin cells. Ginkgo Biloba extract acts as a protective shield, preventing these harmful environmental factors from causing significant harm. Its antioxidant properties not only combat free radicals but also aid in minimizing the visible signs of sun damage, such as dark spots and hyperpigmentation.

4. Increased hydration

Dry and dehydrated skin can appear dull and lackluster. Ginkgo Biloba extract has moisturizing properties that help boost the skin's hydration levels. It strengthens the skin's natural barrier, reducing water loss, and locking in moisture for a plumper and more supple complexion. This makes it a suitable addition to skincare products meant for dry or dehydrated skin types.

5. Stimulation of collagen production

Collagen is a protein that is responsible for maintaining the skin's elasticity and firmness. As we age, our collagen production slows down, leading to visible signs of aging. Ginkgo Biloba extract has been found to stimulate collagen production, helping to restore the skin's youthful appearance. This can result in improved skin elasticity and reduced fine lines and wrinkles.

6. Reduced inflammation

Inflammation is a common issue for individuals with sensitive or irritated skin. Ginkgo Biloba extract has anti-inflammatory properties that can help calm and soothe inflamed skin. By reducing redness and irritation, it promotes a healthier complexion, free from discomfort and sensitivity.

7. Antioxidant effects

The antioxidant effects of Ginkgo Biloba extract not only benefit the skin's appearance but also its overall health. By shielding the skin from oxidative stress, it helps prevent damage to DNA and other cellular structures. This, in turn, helps maintain the skin's function and integrity, resulting in a healthier and more resilient complexion.

Incorporating skincare products that contain Ginkgo Biloba extract, such as serums, moisturizers, and facial masks, can be highly beneficial for improving the overall health and appearance of your skin. Remember to read product labels carefully, ensuring the extract is present in significant concentrations for maximum effectiveness.

As with any new skincare product, it is recommended to perform a patch test before using it on your face to rule out any potential allergies or irritations. If you experience any adverse reactions, discontinue use immediately and consult a dermatologist.

In conclusion, Ginkgo Biloba extract offers various benefits for the skin, including anti-aging properties, improved tone and texture, protection against environmental damage, increased hydration, collagen stimulation, reduced inflammation, and antioxidant effects. By incorporating Ginkgo Biloba extract into your skincare routine, you can enhance the health and appearance of your skin, achieving a more youthful and radiant complexion.

Active Compounds in Ginkgo Biloba Extract

Ginkgo biloba is a popular herbal supplement known for its potential health benefits. The extract of this ancient tree contains numerous active compounds that contribute to its pharmacological effects. In this guide, we will explore three main groups of active compounds found in ginkgo biloba extract: ginkgo flavonoids, terpene lactones, and ginkgolic acids.

Ginkgo Flavonoids

  • Ginkgo flavonoids are a group of flavonoid glycosides present in ginkgo biloba leaves and seeds. The primary flavonoids found in the extract include quercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin. These compounds are known for their strong antioxidant properties, which help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • Research suggests that ginkgo flavonoids may have several beneficial effects on the body. They may improve blood circulation by dilating blood vessels, which could potentially benefit conditions such as Raynaud's disease and intermittent claudication. Additionally, these flavonoids may have anti-inflammatory properties, which could be useful in reducing inflammation and associated symptoms.

Terpene Lactones

  • Terpene lactones are another group of bioactive compounds found in ginkgo biloba extract. The main constituents of terpene lactones are ginkgolides and bilobalide. These compounds have been extensively studied for their effects on various health conditions.
  • Ginkgolides, in particular, have been found to inhibit platelet activating factor (PAF), a molecule involved in inflammation and platelet aggregation. By inhibiting PAF, ginkgolides may help reduce inflammation and prevent blood clots. As a result, ginkgo biloba extract has been investigated as a potential treatment for conditions such as asthma, allergies, and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Bilobalide, on the other hand, is known for its neuroprotective properties. It has been shown to protect against neuronal damage caused by oxidative stress and inflammation. Additionally, bilobalide may enhance memory and cognitive function, making ginkgo biloba extract a popular supplement for improving brain health.

Ginkgolic Acids

  • Ginkgolic acids are a group of alkylphenols found in ginkgo biloba leaves. Although they are considered minor constituents, they are still important due to their potential health implications. However, ginkgolic acids can also be toxic and may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
  • To ensure the safety of ginkgo biloba extract, manufacturers carefully process the extract to remove or minimize the content of ginkgolic acids. Most commercially available ginkgo biloba supplements contain low levels of ginkgolic acids, making them safe for consumption. However, individuals with known allergies or sensitivities should exercise caution and consult a healthcare professional before using ginkgo biloba products.

Effects on Wrinkles and Fine Lines

Several studies have shown that Ginkgo Biloba extract possesses anti-aging properties, particularly in reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. A study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology found that topical application of a cream containing Ginkgo Biloba extract significantly reduced the depth and length of wrinkles in participants after a 12-week treatment period. The researchers attributed these effects to the extract's antioxidant properties, which help combat the harmful effects of free radicals on the skin.

Skin Brightening Properties

Ginkgo Biloba extract has also been found to have skin brightening properties. A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology investigated the effects of Ginkgo Biloba extract on skin pigmentation in human volunteers. The results showed that the extract effectively reduced the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for dark spots and uneven skin tone. This suggests that Ginkgo Biloba extract can be beneficial for individuals looking to even out their skin complexion and achieve a brighter appearance.

Protection Against UV Radiation Damage

UV radiation from the sun is a major contributor to skin aging and damage. However, studies have shown that Ginkgo Biloba extract may offer protection against UV radiation-induced skin damage. A study published in the Journal of Dermatological Science found that applying Ginkgo Biloba extract to human skin cells prior to UV exposure reduced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are responsible for oxidative stress and DNA damage. This suggests that Ginkgo Biloba extract can help protect the skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation.

Moisturizing Effects

Keeping the skin adequately moisturized is essential for maintaining its health and appearance. Research has shown that Ginkgo Biloba extract has moisturizing effects on the skin. A study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science evaluated the effects of a Ginkgo Biloba extract-based cream on skin hydration and found that it significantly increased skin moisture levels compared to a placebo cream. This suggests that Ginkgo Biloba extract can be a beneficial ingredient in skincare products aimed at improving skin hydration.

Anti-inflammatory Effects

Inflammation is a common underlying factor in many skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis. Ginkgo Biloba extract has been found to possess anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe and calm irritated skin. A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Ginkgo Biloba extract in mice and found that it inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. This suggests that Ginkgo Biloba extract may have potential therapeutic applications in managing inflammatory skin conditions.

Formulations and Application of Ginkgo Biloba Extract in Skincare Products


Ginkgo Biloba Extract has garnered attention in the skincare industry due to its potential anti-aging and antioxidant properties. This guide aims to provide useful information on the types of skincare products that contain Ginkgo Biloba Extract, recommended concentrations, suitability for different skin types, and potential interactions or contraindications.

Types of Skincare Products Containing Ginkgo Biloba Extract:

  • Creams
  • Lotions
  • Serums
  • Masks

Ginkgo Biloba Extract can be found in various skincare products, including creams, lotions, serums, and masks. Creams and lotions are great for daily use and can provide hydration and nourishment to the skin, while serums offer a more concentrated formula that can target specific skin concerns such as fine lines and wrinkles. Masks containing Ginkgo Biloba Extract can be used weekly for a rejuvenating and revitalizing effect.

Recommended Concentrations of Ginkgo Biloba Extract:

The recommended concentration of Ginkgo Biloba Extract in skincare products typically ranges from 0.5% to 2%. Higher concentrations may be used in targeted treatments or specialized skincare products. It is important to note that concentrations higher than 5% may cause skin irritation. As Ginkgo Biloba Extract is a potent antioxidant, a moderate concentration is usually sufficient to provide the desired benefits without overwhelming the skin.

Suitability for Different Skin Types:

Ginkgo Biloba Extract is generally suitable for most skin types, including:

  • Dry skin: Ginkgo Biloba Extract can help moisturize and nourish, promoting a healthier complexion.
  • Oily or combination skin: It can provide antioxidant protection, reduce inflammation, and regulate sebum production.
  • Sensitive skin: Patch testing is recommended to ensure compatibility and avoid potential redness or irritation.

Potential Interactions or Contraindications:

While Ginkgo Biloba Extract is generally well-tolerated, some individuals may experience allergic reactions or irritation. It is important to read product labels carefully and consult with a dermatologist if you have known allergies or sensitive skin.

Additionally, individuals taking blood-thinning medications or who have bleeding disorders should exercise caution when using skincare products containing Ginkgo Biloba Extract, as it may increase the risk of bleeding. Always consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or existing health conditions.


Ginkgo Biloba Extract offers potential benefits for skincare products, including anti-aging and antioxidant properties. When formulating skincare products with Ginkgo Biloba Extract, it is important to maintain recommended concentrations to ensure effectiveness without causing irritation.

With its suitability for various skin types, Ginkgo Biloba Extract has gained recognition as a natural ingredient that can enhance the overall health and appearance of the skin. However, individuals should be aware of potential interactions or contraindications, particularly if they have known allergies or are taking specific medications.

By following these guidelines, individuals can incorporate Ginkgo Biloba Extract into their skincare routine and enjoy its potential benefits with confidence.


  1. Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract is rich in antioxidants, which help protect the skin from free radicals and environmental damage.
  2. It is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, which can help soothe and calm irritated skin.
  3. Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract promotes collagen production, aiding in firming and tightening the skin, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
  4. It improves blood circulation, which enhances the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the skin, promoting a healthy and radiant complexion.
  5. Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract has been found to have UV-protective properties, helping to shield the skin from harmful sun damage.
  6. It is also believed to improve skin hydration and moisture retention, keeping the skin plump and hydrated.